ASEAN Youth Technology, Skills and the Future of Work
Based on a survey of 56,000 youths aged 15-35 years old from six countries in the South-East Asia region (ASEAN), this report analyses the views of young ASEAN citizens on future of work,...
ASEAN is the fastest growing Internet market in the world. With 125,000 new users coming onto the Internet every day, the ASEAN digital economy is projected to grow significantly, adding an estimated $1 trillion to regional GDP over the next ten years. But many significant roadblocks stand in the way of realizing this potential. ASEAN has laid out important policy measures and frameworks, including the AEC Blueprint 2025, Masterplan on ASEAN Connectivity 2025, and the e-ASEAN Framework Agreement, to address these roadblocks. However, these ambitious goals will demand detailed research, visionary policy-making, and substantial buy-in from regional stakeholders.
Towards a regional digital economy
The World Economic Forum, as a neutral, impartial institution, and the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation, is leading important initiatives at a global level to craft policies, protocols and frameworks for developing and governing a digital economy. Our aspiration is to contribute to building a digital ecosystem that is sustainable, inclusive, and trustworthy. We bring together key stakeholders to debate critical issues, catalyze ideas, and incubate projects and initiatives that can support a healthy and thriving digital world.
The “Digital ASEAN” initiative is our response to demand from the Forum’s regional partners in ASEAN, both public and private. The initiative aims to work on the issues that will underpin a regional digital economy in ASEAN so that the benefits of the Fourth Industrial Revolution can be fully unlocked and become a force for regional economic inclusion.
Scope of work
The Digital ASEAN initiative comprises a portfolio of five workstreams centred on the following focus areas:
1. Pan-ASEAN Data Policy: shaping a common regional data policy
2. ASEAN Digital Skills: building a shared commitment to train digital skills for the ASEAN workforce
3. ASEAN e-Payments: building a common ASEAN e-payments framework
4. ASEAN Cybersecurity: nurturing cooperation and capacity building in ASEAN cybersecurity
Governance and working groups
Four task forces have been established, one for each of the four focus areas. Members of task forces represent a multi-stakeholder group from the private sector, ASEAN governments, international organizations, regional organizations, and academia.
Sitting above these task forces is a Board of Advisors, whose role is to guide and shape the portfolio of work. The Board of Advisors includes individuals who are ASEAN Ministers of Digital Economy, ICT, and Commerce, and business leaders.
The ASEAN Digital Skills Task Force has built the ASEAN Digital Skills Vision 2020 programme, which aims to build a collective pledge on hiring and/or training not only workers, but also the wider eco-system of consumers and users of digital services (such as SME traders), as well as digital regulators in the ASEAN region. The pledge form is now available online.
The pledge consists of the following specific commitments to be achieved by 2020:
1) Train 20 million workers at ASEAN SMEs;
2) Raise US$2million in contributions to providing scholarships for ASEAN technology students;
3) Hire directly 200,000 ASEAN digital workers;
4) Engage 20,000 ASEAN citizens through “Digital Inspiration Days”;
5) Offer 2,000 internship opportunities for ASEAN university students;
6) Train 200 ASEAN regulators;
7) Contribute to shaping the curricula at 20 ASEAN universities; and
8) Train 40 million ASEAN individual citizens in digital literacy and online safety.
Launched on 19 November 2018 in Bangkok the ASEAN Digital Skills Vision 2020 programme received strong initial commitments from many organizations. A set of updated commitments will be announced in Ha Noi on 16 August 2019 during a workshop of the Digital ASEAN community.
On e-Payments, an ASEAN e-Payments Coalition was set up in March 2019, dedicated to harmonising the digital payments landscape at a retail level across ASEAN in order to support the growth of cross-border e-commerce. Coalition members have participated in a series of working sessions since then and have agreed to develop by September 2019 a set of recommendations to support ASEAN governments’ development of a ASEAN Payments Policy Framework.
On data policy, members of the pan-ASEAN Data Policy Task Force have demonstrated a strong commitment to help shape and support the implementation of the ASEAN Framework on Digital Data Governance. Member organisations of the task force have shared their best practices on data classifications in a formal process of input with the body that is developing the framework on behalf of ASEAN governments. They are next looking to help shape innovative mechanisms to govern and manage digital data.
On cybersecurity, members of the ASEAN Cybersecurity Task Force have participated in a survey on cybersecurity intelligence sharing models to understand more of required interventions that can help nurture cooperation and capacity building in ASEAN cybersecurity.