DEA in Development Economics and Master's in Economic Sciences, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International (CERDI/Université d'Auvergne); PhD in Economic Sciences, Université de la Méditerranée (Aix Marseille II). 2005, joined the World Bank, Washington DC, as an Economist; 2009, Principal Economist and Project Director, Human Development Division; than in Nigeria, then in Niger as Resident Representative. 2013, Minister of Industry and Mines of Mali. From April 2014, Minister of Mines of Mali. Since January 2016, Ministry of Economy and Finance of Mali. Author of numerous publications on human and economic development. Member of the Managing Board, Nelson Mandela Foundation.