Degree in Economics, University of World Trade, Vienna. April 2017, Chairman Emeritus, Nestlé. 1997-2008, led the Nestlé Group, first as Chief Executive Officer, until 2005, and then as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. April 2008, handed over the office of Chief Executive Officer and remained Chairman of the Board. Vice-Chairman of the Foundation Board, World Economic Forum. Chairman of the Foundation Board, Verbier Festival. President, Geneva Science and Diplomacy Anticipator (GESDA) Foundation. Chairman of the Supervisory Board, Biologique Recherche. Chairman of the Advisory Board, SES-imagotag. Former Chairman and current Independent Director, Formula One Group. Member of the Board of Directors, Salt Mobile. Former Member of the Board: Roche; Credit Suisse; L’Oréal; Exxon Mobil. Former Chairman, 2030 Water Resources Group, a public-private partnership incorporated as part of the World Bank. Recipient of awards, including: Austrian Cross of Honour for services to the Republic of Austria; La Orden Mexicana del Aguila Azteca; La Orden Francisco de Miranda, Republic of Venezuela; Schumpeter Prize for Outstanding Contribution in Disruptive Innovation; Honorary Doctor of Laws, University of Alberta, Canada. Inducted into the American Advertising Federation’s “Hall of Fame”.