1979, graduate, Ecole Centrale, Paris, France. Since 1981, with Air Liquide as Project Manager, Business Manager and Director, Energy Business Group; from 1993, Corporate Strategic Planning Director, Corporate Deputy Director of Operations, Corporate Executive Vice-President and Corporate Chief Executive; 2001-06, Chairman of the Management Board. Since 2006, current position. Since 2008, Chairman, Air Liquide Foundation. Since 2014 President, European Round Table of Industrialists.