Master's degree in Public and European Law and DEA (post-graduate diploma of advanced studies) in Political Sciences and Public Law, University of Nancy, France. Since 1989, Member, DP; 1999, first elected to Parliament. 2000-05, Municipal Councillor of the City of Luxembourg. 2001-13, barrister in Luxembourg. 2004, re-elected to Parliament; 2004-13, Vice-Chairman, Legal Affairs Committee; 2005-11, Alderman. 2009, re-elected to Parliament. 2009-11, Chairman, DP Parliamentary Group. 2011-13, Mayor of Luxembourg. 2012-13, Vice-Chairman, Committee of Enquiry into the State Intelligence Service. 2013, re-elected to Parliament. 2013-15, Chairman, DP. December 2013, appointment as Prime Minister, Minister of State, Minister for Communications and Media, Minister for Religious Affairs. 2015-18, Minister of Culture. October 2018, re-appointed for a second term as Prime Minister, Minister of State, Minister for Communications and Media and Minister for Religious Affairs; also appointed as Minister for Digitization and Minister for the Administrative Reform.