Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) since October 2019. January 2017 to September 2019, Chief Executive Officer, World Bank, during which also served as Interim President of the World Bank for three months. Previously served as European Commission Vice-President for Budget and Human Resources and as Commissioner for International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response. 1993-10, held a number of senior positions at the World Bank, including as Vice-President and Corporate Secretary in 2008, as Director for Sustainable Development, Director for the Russian Federation (based in Moscow), Director for Environment, and Director for Environment and Social Development for the East Asia and Pacific Region. PhD in Economic Science and MA in Political Economy and Sociology from the University of National and World Economy, Sofia. 1977-93, Associate Professor, University of National and World Economy, Sofia. Former Visiting Fellow at the London School of Economics and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.