1981-83, Member, Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe; Chairman, Committee on Demography, Migration and Refugees. 1991, founded the Portuguese Refugee Council. 1991-2002, part of the Council of State of Portugal. 1995-2002, Prime Minister of Portugal; involved in the international effort to resolve the crisis in East Timor. Early 2000, President, European Council; led the adoption of the Lisbon Agenda and co-chaired the first European Union-Africa summit. 2005, became the 10th UN High Commissioner for Refugees; 2010 re-elected to a second five-year term. Since January 2017, current position. Active in Socialist International, a worldwide organization of social democratic political parties; 1992-99, group's Vice-President and 1999-mid-2005, President.